Monthly Archives: December 2016

Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Substance Abuse

risk-factors

What is a Risk Factor?

Approximately 10% of all individuals who try-out with drugs become addicted. A mixture of environmental and genetic factors inspire the likelihood of addiction.

Environmental risk factors are features in a person’s environments that increase their probability of becoming addicted to drugs. A person may have many surroundings, or fields, of influence such as the community, personal, school, and friends. Their risk of addiction can develop in any of these domains.

The Community Domain

A person’s link with the community in which they live plays a big role in their probability of abusing drugs. Data show that if a person’s community has positive attitudes toward drug use, weapons and crime, their risk is increased. The accessibility of firearms, low neighborhood affection, and community incompetence donates to drug abuse risk.

The Peer Domain

The single biggest contributing factor to drug abuse risk is having friends who involve in the problem behavior. If an individual’s friends have favorable attitudes towards drug use, this can also increase risk. The difficulty of “finding new friends” can also lead to abusing drugs.

family-domainThe Family Domain

Family struggle and home management difficulties are contributing factors in drug abuse risk. Also, if parents have encouraging approaches towards drug use or use drugs themselves, often their children will be more likely to abuse drugs. While divorce alone doesn’t increase risk, family conflict does. Family transition and mobility can contribute to risk.

The School Domain

A student’s presentation, contribution, and commitment to school can be a major risk factor in addiction. Academic failure beginning in late elementary school increases risk.

This realization will not only help those searching for the causes of addiction but will also help to provide insight for those suffering from addiction as well.

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder

parkinson

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative brain illness that develops gradually in most people. Most people’s symptoms take ages to grow, and they sustain for years with the disease.

In short, an individual’s brain slowly ends generating a neurotransmitter called dopamine. With less and less dopamine, a one has less and less capability to control their movements, body, and emotions.

Parkinson’s signs and symptoms may include:

Tremor or Shaking: Jerking or shaking of limbs is a common early sign of Parkinson’s disease.
Small Handwriting: A sudden change in handwriting is often a sign of Parkinson’s disease.
Loss of Smell: If you seems to have more difficulty in smelling foods like bananas or dill pickles you should ask your doctor about Parkinson’s disease.
Trouble Sleeping: Sudden actions during sleep may be a sign of Parkinson’s disease.
Trouble Moving or Walking: An early sign might be stiffness or pain in your shoulder or hips. People sometimes say their feet seem ‘stuck to the floor.’
Constipation: Straining to move your bowels can be an early sign of Parkinson’s disease and you should talk to your doctor.
parkinsonsA Soft or Low Voice: If there has been a change in your voice you should see your doctor about whether it could be Parkinson’s disease.
Masked Face: This serious-looking face is called masking. Also, you have a blank intent look or do not blink your eyes very frequently, you should ask your doctor about Parkinson’s disease.
Dizziness or Fainting: Sensation of dizziness or fainting can be signs of low blood pressure and can be linked to Parkinson’s disease.
Stooping or Hunching Over: If you or your family or friends notice that you seem to be stooping, leaning or slouching when you stand, it could be a sign of Parkinson’s disease.

What you can do if you have Parkinson’s disease

• A recommendation to a neurologist, a doctor who specializes in the brain
• Care from an occupational therapist, physical therapist or speech therapist
• Consultation from a medical social worker to know how Parkinson’s will affect your life
• Initiate a regular exercise program to delay further symptoms.
• Talk with family and `friends who can provide you with the support you need.

What are the health risks of smoking?

smoking-kills

Cigarette smoking is the supreme single cause of sickness and premature death in the world. This article gives causes why smoking is so injurious and where to go for help.

1. Lung cancer

Smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer

2. Heart disease

One out of every 5 heart disease deaths is directly related to smoking.

3. Diabetes

Smoking causes type 2 diabetes

4. Liver cancer

Smoking increases your risk of developing liver cancer.

5. Erectile dysfunction

Smoking builds up plague in the arteries and obstructs blood flow.

ectopic-pregnancy6. Ectopic pregnancy

Around 11% of these types of pregnancies can be directly associated to smoking

7. Eyesight weakness

Studies have shown that smoking increases the risk of cataracts and glaucoma.

8. Tuberculosis

If you have been treated for tuberculosis in the past, smoking doubles your chance of getting it again.

9. Rheumatoid arthritis

Smoking increases your likelihood of developing rheumatoid arthritis.

10. Colorectal cancer

Those who smoke are more likely to die from colorectal cancer.

11. Second-hand smoke

Each year in the US, second-hand smoke causes 42,000 deaths from heart disease and 2400 deaths from lung cancer.

risks12. Medical care

It was reported that @289 billion dollars was spent on medical care for smokers in one year.

13. Loss of years of life

People who smoke can lose more than 10 years of their life.

14. Stroke

Smoking makes the blood thicker and more likely to clot, causing strokes.

15. Bladder cancer

The number one risk factor for bladder cancer is smoking.

16. Cervical cancer

The risk of developing cervical cancer doubles in women who smoke.

17. Immune system

Smoking depresses antibodies and cells in the body that are supposed to help fight off invaders.

18. During pregnancy

Smoking during pregnancy increases the probability of having a baby with a cleft palate.

smokers520. Youthful appearance

Smoking makes your skin look older and more haggard. It also discolours your fingernails and teeth.

21. Better sleep

Smoking keeps you from falling into a deep sleep.

22. Stronger bones

Studies have shown that smoking increases the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

23. Hearing loss

People who smoke are 70%more likely to suffer from hearing loss.

We, CMC Mohali, thriving in the industry since years to fulfil our only motto of rendering world-class healthcare services to our patients, at highly competitive prices. And this is why; we have also included free online consultation service as well. So, today you can consult our online psychiatrist team and discuss your issues with them any time.

An Umbilical Hernia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

hernia

An umbilical hernia happens when part of the bowel or fatty tissue thrusts through a region near the belly button, assertive through a weak point in the surrounding abdominal wall.

Symptoms of an umbilical hernia

There may be a soft lump/swelling near the umbilicus (navel), extending from 1-5 centimeters in diameter. The lump is generally more visible if the baby yells, laughs, coughs, or strains.

When to see a doctor:
• The lump becomes painful
• The infant/adult vomits (and there is a lump)
• The lump swells up more
• The lump becomes discolored
hernia11Causes of an umbilical hernia

In adults, too much abdominal compression can cause an umbilical hernia. Possible causes in adults include:
• Obesity
• Numerous pregnancies
• Liquid in the abdominal cavity (ascites)
• Previous abdominal surgery
• Chronic peritoneal dialysis

Treatments for an umbilical hernia

Infants and children – in the most of the cases, the hernia ceases on its own by the age of 12 months. Sometimes, the doctor may be able to push the bulge back into the abdomen (it is important that only the doctor does this).

Surgery may be required if:

• A hernia raises after the child is 1-2 years old
ventral-hernia-15-638• The lump is still there by the age of 4
• If the intestines are within the hernial sac, inhibiting or reducing the movement of the intestines
• If a hernia becomes confined
• Adults – surgery is usually suggested, to prevent potential obstacles, particularly if a hernia grows or starts to hurt.

Dr. Harsh Kumar is best in performing hernia surgeries at Cheema medical complex, phase-4, Mohali

Hernia surgery is a fairly simple and common procedure. While all surgeries have risks, most children are able to return home from an umbilical hernia surgery within a few hours. Cheema Medical Complex provides the best in performing hernia surgery, Dr. Harsh Kumar, the General, and laparoscopic surgeon with special packages for hernia patients. It’s unlikely that the hernia will reoccur once it’s closed.

How inhalants can lead to serious drug addiction?

inhalants

What Are Inhalants?

Inhalants combine an extraordinary variety of chemicals—anything that can be breathed in without burning or heating. Inhalant abuse can mean smelling the fumes of:

Glue to acquire a rich high.

Amyl nitrite to acquire an extreme high.

Nitrous oxide to be numb.

The sources and users of these vary significantly.

Signs and Symptoms

• Incoherent speech
• Irregular reactions
• Mild highs
• A common loss of motor control
symptoms• Drunk dazed or glassy-eyed look
• Drowsiness
• Hallucinations
• Loss of hunger
• Consumers might also have spots or sores around their mouth and noses, mainly if they’re inhaling paint
• Nausea and vomiting
• Breath and clothing smells like chemicals
• Impaired judgment
• Unconsciousness
• Severe headaches

Effects of Inhalant Abuse

Long-term users have experienced:
• Muscle weakness
• Confusion
• Lack of synchronisation
• Irritability
• Depression
• Severe and sometimes irreparable damage to the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs and brain
• Memory loss, reduced intelligence
• Hearing loss
• Bone marrow damage
• Deaths from heart failure or asphyxiation (loss of oxygen)

inhalant-abuse-treatmentInhalant Abuse Treatment

While inhalant abuse does not lead to addiction, it does have addictive affinities. For this purpose, rehab services test for eating ailments, unhappiness and anxiety, and they also check parallel issues. As far as the inhalant abuse itself, professional treatment includes the following treatments:

• Behavioural therapies to support an optimistic mental and sensitive outlook
• Counselling to regulate what activates drug use and eating disorders
• Physical assessments to recognise concerns about weight and health
• Psychodynamic therapy to treat the core cause of emotional misery
• Holistic options like acupuncture and yoga to improve overall health
• Group counselling to show feelings and build support

By keeping thinners and sprays well away from children and teens, you can significantly reduce the risk of abuse. To help an Inhalant addict, consult your health provider today

Infertility, Men can also be major reason

infertility

Infertility upsets almost 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility analysis is given to a couple who are incapable of conceiving over the period of a year. When the difficulty comes due to the man then it is mentioned as male infertility. Male infertility features add to about 35% of all infertility cases, and male infertility alone holds for approximately one-fifth of all infertility cases.

Signs and symptoms

The initial stage in the estimation of an infertile male is to carry out an in-depth medical and urologic history. Such a history should contain concern of the following:

• Period of infertility
• Earlier fertility in the patient and the spouse
• Age of puberty (premature, usual, or overdue)
• Childhood urologic ailments or surgical measures
• Present or recent acute or chronic medical infections
• Sexual history
• Use of alcohol or smoking
causes-of-infertility-in-men• Genetic problem
• Lung disease
• Ecological or working exposure
• Spinal cord injury
• Testicular cancer and its treatment

Causes of male infertility

The major causes of male infertility are:
• Obstacles in the passage of sperm
• Issues with sperm (such as low sperm count)
• Functional issues or impotence
• Excessive Stress
• Obesity
• Hormonal Problems

Prevention of male infertility

To help recover your fertility, avoid:
• Smoking cigarettes
• Drinking alcohol
• tight-fitting underwear to avoid heat stress
• Anabolic steroids (consuming for body-building or sporting purposes)
• Sexually transmitted diseases

doctorDiagnosis

The semen analysis is the keystone of the male infertility diagnosis and comprises assessment of the following:
• Volume of the Semen(normal, 1.5-5 mL)
• Quality of the Semen
• Density of the Semen (normal, >15 million sperm/mL)
• Motility of the Sperm (normal, >40% of sperm having normal movement)
• Sperm morphology (sample lower limit for percentage of normal sperm is 4%)
• An increased number of white blood cells (WBCs) or contaminated material in the semen.
• Other factors like intensities of zinc, citric acid, acid phosphatase, or alpha-glucosidase

Treatment of Male Infertility

• Surgery
• Medication
• Hormone treatment
• Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
• In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Your doctor provider can help you figure out what treatments may work best for you and your partner.

Silent pain caused due to piles can be CURED

causes-of-piles

Haemorrhoids, also called piles, are inflammations comprising swelled blood vessels found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus).

Causes of Piles

• Strain over bowel drive
• Constipation
• Diarrhoea
• Sitting in the loo for too long
• Sitting job
• Obesity
• Lack of a nutritious diet
• Pregnancy
• Stress
• Persistent work or hard labour
• General weakness of the body
• Hereditary
• Anal intercourse
• Dehydration

pilesSymptoms of Piles

Piles which tend to affect elderly people often turns out to be a major source of irritation.
• Flowing of blood along with stool.
• Itching and irritation may also occur.
• possible bleeding after the passage of a stool
• Severe pain
• Swelling and soft lumps in the anal region
• Difficulty while seated
• Presence of pain when passing stools
• Patients may also feel like the bowels still need to be vacated even after the ejection of stools.

Remedies for Piles

To eradicate a piles problem, you must make the following changes:
• Use a pump-up ring or pillow to sit on to reduce pressure on the haemorrhoids
• Wear cotton inner wear that avoids perspiration and lets the skin to breathe
• Do not use fragrant tissue paper or bad and rough quality toilet paper that can harm sensitive skin
• Avoid straining while a bowel movement and do not devote huge amounts of time in the toilet
• Do not delay a bowel movement when the urge arises as this can lead to constipation

In most circumstances with the appropriate treatment, piles should sort out in a week so. In case the piles are still existing and painful after two weeks, consult with your doctor to discuss other treatment alternatives.


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