Adenoid Enlargement in Infants

Adenoid Enlargement

Adenoids are small patches of tissue located in the passage that connects the back of the nasal cavity to the throat but isn’t directly visible.
Adenoids grow until the child is between the age ranges of 3-5. When the child grows around 7 years of age, they tend to shrink.
Adenoids are part of the immune system, which helps to prevent and fight infection in your body. They produce antibodies to help your body fight off infections.

Adenoids trap bacteria and viruses entering through the nose and thus protect infants from infections.
Adenoids that become infected usually become enlarged, but return to their normal size when the infection subsides. However, in some instances, the adenoids remain enlarged even after the infection is gone.
Enlarged adenoids can also be caused by allergies. Some children have enlarged adenoids from birth.

Enlarged adenoids can cause a number of symptoms, including:

  • Blocked, stuffy nose
  • Ear problems
  • Snoring
  • Sore throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Problems breathing through the nose
  • fluid buildup in the middle ear, which can cause hearing problems
  • Cracked lips and dry mouth (from breathing problems)
  • Sleep apnoea (pauses in breathing during sleep)

Diagnostic exams and Tests

Due to their location, adenoids aren’t directly visible. Your doctor would use a special mirror in the mouth or insert a flexible tube (called an endoscope) through the nose for clear visibility and examination.
Tests may include:

  • X-ray of the throat or neck
  • Sleep study if your infant suffers from sleep apnoea

Treatment

Few or no symptoms do not need treatment. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics or nasal steroid sprays if an infection develops. If the symptoms are severe or persistent, your doctor would recommend surgery to remove the adenoids (adenoidectomy)
After the adenoids are removed, your infant might experience:

  • A sore throat
  • Minor bleeding
  • Earaches
  • A blocked nose

Your child may also receive a mild pain reliever for the first few days. Any warm foods or drinks are to be avoided for the first seven days.
It’s common for children to have enlarged adenoids. Be sure to have your child examined as soon as possible if you notice that they are experiencing any of the symptoms of enlarged adenoids.

Consult our specialists at CMC, Mohali for the best diagnosis and treatment. Enlarged adenoids are surely a treatable condition.


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