High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)- Causes And Signs

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Whenever the sugar (glucose) level in one’s blood rises high temporarily that condition is known as HYPERGLYCEMIA. This situation takes place when the body has too much food or glucose, or too little insulin. The body takes glucose to all the cells of the body. A glucometer is a machine which is used to measure blood sugar level in seconds. There are two types of diabetes TYPE-1 and TYPE-2.

People with diabetes should be very careful about keeping their blood sugar level under a limit.

 

THERE ARE SEVERAL REASONS WHY SUGAR LEVEL HIKE UP:

1. SLEEP: A lack of sleep can be bad for a diabetic patient because it can raise their blood sugar level. Promoting health hygiene and giving importance to sleep is important for everybody but it is very important for the diabetic person.

2. STRESS: Stress is the biggest reason why sugar level spikes up because due to stress body produces hormones that make difficult for insulin to do its job. Finding the way to keep the stress level down is compulsory for diabetic people. By doing regular exercise or by doing yoga can help to relieve stress.

3. INSULIN CONTROL: Not producing enough insulin either by injections or medication. People with diabetes must control sugar level by taking medicines, physical exercise, and properly balanced diet. When exercise and food are not proper sugar rises.

4. CAFFEINE: Your blood sugar rises after coffee and with tea, whether it is green tea or black tea and same goes with energy drinks. Each person reacts to different food differently, so you should keep check for yourself.

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5. EXERCISE: Physical exercise is great for everyone. But people with diabetes should know that what they need. When you work out more, chances is there that your sugar level spikes up. A fruit or snack before you begin may help. Check your sugar level, before and after exercise.

6.  SMOKING: Smoking cigarettes make it difficult to keep sugar level low. A person with diabetes should make it the priority to quit smoking.

7. CARBOHYDRATES: Eating food with a lot of carbohydrates is one of the ways of consumption of sugar. The body of the diabetic person cannot convert carbohydrates into energy easily.

 

SYMPTOMS OF HIGH SUGAR LEVEL: 

1. EXCESSIVE URINATION: Your body tempts to equalizing the concentration of glucose with the number of cells in your body. So whenever the sugar is high excessive urine is the sign you will have. Frequent urination, including regular waking up in the middle of the night to urinate, is a sign.

2. EXCESSIVE THIRST: Whenever sugar level is high our urge for water increased because of more concentration of glucose in the body.

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3. WEIGHT LOSS: Even though you are eating like a crazy, but when the blood glucose is high, you will start losing weight. Moreover, the excessive amount of urine can lead to low body fluid which in turn can lower your weight.

4. INFECTIONS: Your body cells aren’t the only one that eats glucose; many bacteria and yeast do too. In women, it is more likely to have this kind of infection.

5. SLOW HEALING OF CUTS AND WOUNDS: High blood glucose greatly shows the healing of skin and tissues because of weakening immune system. Another reason can be that sufficient amount of oxygen is not received as delivery of oxygen is reduced by nerve damage. Sometimes even minor wound take so many months to get healed.

6. DRY ITCHY SKIN: High blood glucose can make your skin dry and itchy because of dehydration. Though it is not a major problem yet it is highly vexing.

7. FATIGUE: When blood glucose is high your body is neither strong nor uses glucose properly as you are not burning energy efficiently and cells are not getting the fuel they need. If you are suffering from lack of sleep or excessive urination you will feel more tired.

 

High blood sugar level fluctuation occurs in diabetic patient daily, so it is important that a person should control sugar level through diets, medication, and exercise and when necessary should seek treatment to doctor. Anyone experiencing the symptoms should immediately contact the doctor. Ask your family member for their support.


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