Vitiligo: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Dean-Edwards-vitiligo-973688

What is vitiligo?

Vitiligo causes pale white patches on the skin. The reason for this problem is an absence of a pigment in the skin which is called melanin.  This skin problem can influence any area of one’s skin, however, most normally; it impacts face, neck and hands, and other body areas. The pale areas of skin are more vulnerable to sunburn, along these lines, one needs to be careful when in the sun. One can’t predict this disease and it is impossible to tell which portion of skin can be affected. These white patches may or may not spread to the other part of the body as time passes.

Vitiligo is neither infectious nor contagious. Vitiligo does not cause skin problem like skin cancer, leprosy etc. Vitiligo is not a result of foods you intake or lifestyle you follow. This is found that people with vitiligo are normal. This disease does not cause or prompt any other kind of disabilities.
What causes vitiligo?

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It is impossible to get it from someone else. It wrong to think that you have inherited Vitiligo from your parents. It is not genetic and not related to any particular ethnicity. Vitiligo is found in people of all races. Though, it is just more noticeable in you has dark skin. It is the pigment-bearing cell which causes a problem. The destruction of these cells and absence of pigment at that skin area is the reason. But why these pigment-bearing cells get destroyed is still to be found by healthcare professionals.
Which parts of the body are most commonly affected?

It is found that areas of your skin which are exposed to the sun are more likely to have white patches which are caused by vitiligo. But another area of your body which is not exposed to the sun like armpit, eyes, groin, rectal area and genital etc can also have this kind of white patches.

Following are the areas of the skin that are most commonly affected by vitiligo symptoms:

  • Fingers
  • Armpits
  • Wrists
  • The skin around your mouth and eyes
  • Groin
  • Genitals

What are the treatment options in vitiligo?

Vitiligo-treatment

We have the very limited way to cure vitiligo. It is sad that there is no easy treatment that can slow down the disease process. But, there are some therapies that one can get like surgery such as use of grafts, UV light therapy, some steroids and medications can also help.

 

How can we stop the destruction of pigment-bearing cells?

It is necessary to stop the destruction of the cell if we want to cure this disease. There are some tablets and creams which help your body to prevent the destruction of cells which carry pigment. A perfect dose is needed according to the severity of this disease.
How can we bring back normal skin color to areas where it has been lost?

The bringing normal color back to the skin is possible and it is done by medical and surgical means. The most commonly used medication of vitiligo is psoralens. The normalization of skin color is done under controlled condition and the perfect blend of sun exposure or some specific ultraviolet beams along with psoralens, help a lot.


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