What are the options for Osteoarthritis of knee in younger age group i.e. Osteoarthritis in active male less than 50 yrs of age?

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) means inflammation (itis) of the joint (arthro) and bones (osteo).

Classification of OA in young adults

There are two main classifications of OA

1. Primary osteoarthritis: is the form where you don’t know what could have triggered the disease, inferring history or clinical/radiographic examination.
2. Secondary osteoarthritis: can be caused by trauma, metabolic disease, congenital malformations, etc

Physical Therapy Management

Physical therapy for young people suffering from osteoarthritis is still a discovery. The following physiotherapy techniques are a valuable therapeutic adjuvant for the treatment of osteoarthritis symptoms.

Muscle relaxing action

  • Hot or cold application on osteoarthritic joint
  • Proprioceptive reeducation
  • TEN
  • Traction
  • The range of motion exercises
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Stretching exercises

Massage: Following KNGF-guidelines message has lost its place to exercises, which should be the cornerstones in all therapy for OA.

  • ¬†Hydrotherapy and Spa Treatment

Medical Management

For the young patient, there is a special technique which focuses on the level of activity after surgery. Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation is used for joint preservation. The chondrocytes are said to produce hyaline-like repair tissue. This procedure reduces symptoms and increases functions.

Furthermore, more and more young patients are undergoing a total arthroplasty of the knee. Osteotomy can be a choice of treatment to relieve the pain of arthritis, especially of the knee, whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment.


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