Q1 What is Trauma?
Ans: Trauma refers to "a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident. It can also be described as "a physical wound or injury, such as a fracture or blow.
Q2 How can we classify Trauma ?
Ans : Trauma can be classified by the affected area of the body (percentages of total incidence):
§ Polytrauma (40%)
§ Head injury (30%)
§ Chest trauma (20%)
§ Abdominal trauma (10%)
§ Extremity trauma (2%)
§ Facial trauma
§ Spinal cord injury
§ Genitourinary system trauma
§ Pelvic trauma
§ Soft tissue injury
Trauma may also be classified by the affected demographic group (for example, trauma in the pregnant, pediatric, or geriatric patient). They may also be classified by the type of force applied to the body, such as blunt trauma versus penetrating trauma.
Q3 What are the causes of Trauma?
Ans : Blunt trauma is the leading cause of traumatic death . Most cases of blunt trauma are caused by motor vehicle accidents. Falls, a subset of blunt trauma, are the second most common cause of traumatic death. In most cases a fall of greater than three times the victim's height is defined as a severe fall.Penetrating trauma is caused when aforeign object such as a bullet or a knife enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
Q4 Can Trauma occurs in Women at the time of pregnanacy?
Ans : Trauma occurs in about 5% of all pregnancies and is the leading cause of maternal death. While women who experience trauma can have all the typical injuries of trauma they may also experience placental abruption, preterm labor, and uterine rupture.There are diagnostic issues during pregnancy as ionizing radiation can cause birth defectshowever the doses used for typical exams are generally considered "safe".Due to normal physiological changes of pregnancy shock can be more difficult to diagnosis.In those who are more than 23 weeks pregnant it is recommended that the fetus be monitored for at least four to six hours by cardiotocography. Seat-belts are recommended to decrease the risk of death from motor vehicle collisions.
Q5 What is emergency medicine?
Ans : Emergency medicine is a medical specialty in which physicians care for patients with acute illnesses or injuries which require immediate medical attention. While not usually providing long-term or continuing care, emergency medicine physicians diagnose a variety of illnesses and undertake acute interventions to stabilize the patient. Emergency medicine physicians practice in hospital emergency departments, in pre-hospital settings via emergency medical services, other locations where initial medical treatment of illness takes place, and recently theintensive-care unit. Just as clinicians operate by immediacy rules under large emergency systems, emergency practitioners aim to diagnose emergent conditions and stabilize the patient for definitive care.