Q1. What is nephrology?
Ans: Nephrology is the medical subspecialty that deals with the kidneys, especially their functions and diseases. A nephrologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diseases of the kidney.
Q2. What are the functions of the Kidney?
Ans: The kidneys which are 2 small bean shaped organs (lying on either side of spine just below lower ribs) act as a filtration plant in our body. Filtering toxins from the blood and maintaining the fluid and electrolyte balance in our body.
Q3. What is Acute failure?
Ans: Inability to remove toxins from the blood due Inability dysfunction of the Kidney, results in Kidney (Renal) Failure.If this happens rapidly it is Acute Renal failure. ARF can occurs in 5% of Hospitalized patients for any reason, more commonly in ICU patients.
Q4. What is Chronic Rental failure?
Ans: The kidneys fail gradually over years. Even a single kidney functioning well or both kidneys functioning at 50% can still maintain the balance with no symptoms. Easy Signs of CRF are Fatigue, frequent urge to urinate, itchy skin, Nausea, Shortness of breath, swollen feet, hands & face. Late signs are Blood in urine, Anaemia, Bone, lung and heart disease, Hypertension (High BP).
Q5. What are the different types of kidney disease?
Diabetes: accounts for more than 40% of all new cases of ESRD
High Blood Pressure: (Hypertension) accounts for 26% of all new cases of ESRD
Q6.What causes kidney disease?
Ans: Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of ESRD, accounting for more than 60 percent of new cases. Kidney disease can also develop from infection, inflammation of blood
vessels in the kidneys, kidney stones and cysts. Other possible causes include prolonged use of pain relievers and use of alcohol or other drugs (including prescription medications).
Q7. What are the warning signs of kidney disease?
High blood pressure
Swelling of the face and ankles
Puffiness around the eyes
Frequent urination (especially at night)
Rusty or brown colored urine
Back pain just below the rib cage
Q8. What can I do to help fight kidney disease?
Ans: You can do a lot to help fight this life-threatening condition. First become familiar with the warning signs of kidney disease. To maintain kidney health, you should:
Drink plenty of fluids
Maintain your proper weight
Get checked regularly for diabetes and high blood pressure.
Q9. What is Dialysis?
Ans: Dialysis is a life-saving process that artificially replaces the functions of the kidney. There are two types of dialysis: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.Hemodialysis involves removing blood from the body and filtering it in a machine. The patient is connected by a tube to the dialysis machine, which continuously draws blood out, cleanses it and removes excess fluid and then returns the blood back to the patient. Haemodialysis must be performed for 3 to 4 hours at least three times a week.Peritoneal Dialysis is internal or in-body dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis entails use of a blood-cleansing solution called "dialysate" that is injected into the peritoneal cavity, the region of the abdomen lined by the peritoneum.
Q10. If I Am on dialysis what diet should I eat?
Ans: Try to eat extra snacks between meals if appetite is poor.Use full cream milk instead of low fat milk.If you are not diabetic then include more sugar.