Q1.What is Cataract?
Ans: A cataract is opacity in our natural lens.
Q2.Can it be removed by eye drops or medication?
Ans: There has not been any eye drops or medication proven to cause cataracts to disappear just like that.
Q3. Can children get cataracts?
Ans: Yes, children get cataracts. Some babies are born with cataracts. Others may develop cataracts due to trauma and systemic disease.
Q4.What sort of surgery is required?
Ans: The surgery that is required is basically the removal of the lens that is cataract us together with the implantation of an intraocular lens.
Q5. How is the cataract removed?
Ans: The cataract can be removed as a whole, thus requiring a larger incision or it can be broken up into smaller pieces by using ultrasonic energy and then sucked up. This will use a much smaller incision size.
Q6. How long does the surgery take?
Ans: The surgery for phacoemulsification takes on an average between 15-30 minutes depending up on the skill of the surgeon as well as difficulty of the cataract that has to be removed.
Q7. Do I have to wear glasses?
Ans: You may have to wear reading glasses or glasses for distance. This depends on your functional activities and the post operative vision that you required.
Q8.Why do post surgery patients wear sunglasses?
Ans: Patients feel more comfortable with sunglasses because once the natural lens is removed and an implant is put in some patients experience glare.
Q9.How can soon I return to normal life?
Ans: With the modern technique of phacoemulsification, the return to normal life ranges from days to a week provided there are no complications from the surgery. In the older methods of cataract extraction the recovery takes longer, about 1 month.
Q10.When will I be able to see?
Ans: After an uncomplicated phacoemulsification method, patients will be able to see reasonably well the following day provided the other structures in the eye are healthy. For the older techniques (i.e. ECCE) of cataract operation, the vision may take 1-2 months before it stabilises.