Q1.How can I keep my bones healthy and avoid orthopaedic problems?
Ans: Bone minerals are composed heavily of calcium. During periods of bone growth, between 10 and 20 years of age, calcium should be a critical dietary component or supplement, with at least 1300 mg. per day recommended. In addition, older individuals begin to lose bone minerals past the age of 35. Calcium supplements and exercise can help minimize this loss.
Q2.what is the difference between a fracture and a sprain and how can I tell which one I suffered?
Ans: A fracture is a break in a bone, which can result from an accident or other traumatic injury. A fracture rarely includes surgery and is usually treated by immobilizing the bone with a cast or a splint, which allows the broken bones to grow back together.
A sprain is an injury of the ligaments, the rubber-band like tissues that connect bones together. When the ligaments are stretched past their normal range of motion, the result can include swelling and severe pain.
A sprain will heal with rest, but a fractured bone must be set to heal.
Q3.What causes arthritis?
Ans: A layer of tissue called cartilage covers the end of the bones at the juncture of each joint and acts as a shock absorber. Over time, cartilage can wear away, and the joints can then become achy, swollen, and sore. This condition is called arthritis. Arthritis is the leading chronic condition of the elderly but can develop at any age.
Q4.what is the recovery time for total hip/knee replacement?
Ans Everyone heals from total hip replacement surgery at a different pace. In most cases, however, you will be restricted to using a walker or crutches for 1 month after your operation. You will then be allowed to advance to a cane outdoors and no support around the house for several weeks. You will gradually return to normal function without any assistive devices. This usually takes about 3 months but may take longer.
Q5. What is a dislocation of hip?
Ans: A dislocation of the hip occurs when the femoral head (ball) comes out of the acetabulum (socket). While this risk is very small, typically less than 2%, you are given dislocation precautions to help avoid this happening.
Q6. Can I sleep on my side after total hip replacement?
Ans:You may sleep on your operative side whenever you feel comfortable. You may sleep on your non-operative side at 4 weeks with a pillow between your knees.
Q7. When can I shower after total hip/knee replacement surgery?
Ans: You may shower 3 days after your operation, if no drainage is present at the incision. Initially, try to keep the incision dry with a plastic wrap. If the incision gets wet, pat it dry.
Q8 Can I use weight after total knee replacement surgery?
Ans: Generally, you should not use weights for the first 2 months after total knee replacement surgery. However, as everyone's strength varies, consult with your physical therapist before using weights. Use light weights to begin with (1 to 5 lbs.) and gradually progress. No squats, lunges, or leg presses. Avoid exercises that cause significant discomfort or pain.
Q9 should I take iron supplements after hip/knee replacement surgery?
Ans: Iron supplements help your body replenish its iron stores and blood count, which may be depleted post-operatively. You may take an over-the-counter iron supplement or a multivitamin with iron for this purpose. Please note that iron may contribute to constipation and also darken the stool.
Q10. What are the good positions for my knee and what positions should I avoid?
Ans: You should spend some time each day working on straightening your knee (extension) as well as bending your knee (flexion). A good way to work on extension is to place a towel roll underneath your ankle when you are lying down. A good way to work on flexion is to sit on a chair or stationary bicycle and bend your knee. Avoid using a pillow or towel roll behind the knee for any length of time.