Spinal disc, also known as a slipped disc is a medical condition in which the spine of a person is affected due to tear and injury. Spinal discs are circular and are attached securely to the vertebrae between each bone. These discs act as a shock absorber to the spine.
There are many instances when this disc can lose its strength and cause painful symptoms. Spinal discs problems are very common as it involves stresses and movement associated with lower back and neck.
The most common spinal disc problems are:
Herniated or slipped disc
In this condition, the inner part of the disc may swell through outer membrane pushing the internal material to the outer side. It may be caused due to injury.
In some cases, all part of the core material may come out resulting in pressing against surrounding nerves and spinal cord. This results in severe pain. Initially, there may be spasms in the back or neck when undergoing movement but if nerves are affected; the pain radiates into arms and legs.
The spinal discs lose strength due to aging factors and become weaker and get damaged. It results from drying out of fluid in the spine and due to some cracks and injuries in the spine. These changes may result in pain.
This problem is caused due to the weakening or tearing of the outer ring of the spine resulting in coming out of the inner portion. It may happen with age. The other factors responsible for slip disc include the lifting of heavy objects can cause strain on the lower back. The person involved in physically active jobs is at increased risk for slipped disc injury.
People who are obese or overweight are also at increased risk for the slipped disc as the disc is not able to support the extra weight of the body making it imbalanced. This may cause muscle weakness.
In case of a herniated disc, a person may feel controllable pain, but if the damaged disc starts touching the nearby nerves or roots, the person may feel tingling, numbness, burning sensation, muscle weakness and difficulty in sitting, standing and walking.
A person experiences severe pain in the spine which is comforted by lying down. This pain may extend to arms or legs that worsen at night. Sometimes pain is felt only on the left side of the body
Nerve pain also occurs that can be sharp and sudden. The pressure of the nerves may move down in the legs or upwards in the neck.
The treatment of slipped disc depends on the level of pain and dislocation of the disc. Many people go for painkillers to ease discomfort in the back.
Exercises are also very helpful in the treatment of slipped disc. The stretches involved in exercise strengthen the spine, back and muscles. These Exercises also helps in reducing pain.
In severe cases, doctors may go for surgery by removing the damaged portion of the disk.