Knee replacement surgery involves surgeons replacing the damaged or diseased knee joint with a mechanical implant made of metal and plastic composites that act as a joint. Since this is an invasive procedure and requires a lengthy recovery period, this should be only considered after other less obtrusive treatments have been explored.
People between the ages of 45 and 60 who show signs of chronic knee pain, need not possibly regard knee replacement as a primary choice of treatment.
Non-surgical or surgical approach prior to knee replacement surgery includes:-
Weight loss and exercise
According to the John Hopkins Arthritis Centre, being just 10 pounds overweight can add up to 60 pounds of force on your knee with each step. One of the quickest, most effective ways to reduce knee pain is to lose weight. Exercise helps to achieve the goal to reduce weight and hence relieve you of knee pain.
Doing exercises correctly is the basic regimen of the physicist to reduce the knee pain by strengthening the key muscles. Electrical stimulation, ultrasound therapy, or other procedures to increase blood flow to the skin are used.
Knee injections (hyaluronic acid)
Knee injections of hyaluronic acid lubricate the knee joint and help improve shock absorption. The procedure can reduce pain and improve knee mobility. However, this is typically offered to people after they have gone through steroid injections and physical therapy without success, or if they are allergic to certain painkillers.
RFA is a quick procedure that uses radiofrequency energy to heat and alter nerves to create a nerve block.
Lidocaine or bupivacaine may help control your knee pain topically.
The steroids can be injected at the site of inflammation. They are used for relieving pain around the knee with immediate effects.
A much less invasive technique that involves removal of bone fragments, pieces of a torn meniscus, or damaged cartilage, as well as repair of ligaments. People mostly go home the same day as their surgery. Within a week, you can resume your daily activities.
Bone marrow aspirate conentrate
Concentrated BMA is high in stem cells that are capable of tissue regeneration and bone formation. It is a painless process that includes aspirating the needed bone marrow tissue, usually without any incision or stitches. The bone marrow aspirate is then injected into the knee, and can even be mixed with amniotic tissue for more powerful pain relief by healing.
Knee osteotomy is usually used for younger patients with limited knee damage. This procedure aims to reduce the load around the damaged area of the knee.
If you are suffering from a knee pain and want to discover the various alternatives to knee replacement surgery, visit our eminent and proficient orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Ravinder Puri for better knowledge and treatment.