Angina is a condition that occurs due to the lack of oxygen supply in the blood; it can also be due to a blockage or multiple blockages in the arteries. A person may experience tightness, discomfort or chest pain. The reason behind this is due to the fact that the flow of blood to the heart is not enough; or the blood is not rich in oxygen. This is a condition that can be controlled by altering or changing our lifestyle and taking prescription drugs recommended by a specialist. In some cases the doctor may also recommend surgery to treat the condition.
Different types of Angina
Stable angina – Known to be one of the most common conditions, this can be triggered due to stress or extreme physical activity. A person may experience this condition for a few minutes, however, if proper rest is taken, stable angina goes away. This is one of the symptoms that you are at risk of having a heart attack. It is advisable to inform your doctor immediately so that you can take care of it at the right time before it worsens.
Unstable angina – A person may be prone to unstable angina if they are not active. They may experience long-lasting and strong pain that keeps on coming back. If you experience this, you need to ensure that you see a doctor immediately.
Variant or Prinzmetal’s angina – This generally happens when a person is resting or sleeping at night. In this case the heart arteries become narrow or tighten due to which a person may experience a lot of pain. It is important to get it treated ASAP.
Causes of angina
This heart disease is caused due to the plaque build up in the artery, which is a fatty substance that blocks the flow of blood to the muscles of the heart. Your heart is forced to work with less oxygen which is a strain that also causes the pain that a person experiences. In some cases, the reason why a person may have a heart attack is due to the formation of blood clots.
Symptoms of angina
Considering the fact that everyone’s physical structure is different, people who suffer with Angina, experience different kinds of symptoms. While chest pain is one of the most common symptoms, people may also experience
• A Burning sensation on the chest
• Discomfort, Heaviness or fullness especially in the chest region
• A feeling of extreme pressure on the chest region
• A squeeze like feeling on the chest.
Pain experienced by men and women are different
The pain that is felt happens in different regions of the body. For men, it could be on the shoulders, neck or chest. Women may experience the pain on their back, throat, jaw, neck and belly. Some people may also experience dizziness, excessive sweating and have shortness of breath.
Risk factors which can be the reason for a person to develop Angina
There are various risk factors that can cause this condition; some of them are obesity, diabetes, smoking, age, bad levels of cholesterol, lack of physical movement and even improper diet.
So, it is all about changing your lifestyle. Lead a disciplined life and forget not to listen to your physician. A proper diet and a consciousness towards maintaining a controlled lifestyle can always bring smile in your family. Be aware.