What is IVF(Vitro Fertilization)?

vitro fertilization

IVF or in vitro fertilization is a fertility treatment wherein eggs and sperm are made to fertilize outside the body in a laboratory, post which the embryo or embryos placed or implanted in the uterus.

IVF is a type of ART or assisted reproductive technology.

When is IVF done?

Your doctor will recommend you to have IVF if you face any of the following problems:

  • Endometriosis
  • Low sperm counts
  • Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Problems with ovulation
  • Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
  • The inability of sperm to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus
  • An unexplained fertility problem

How does IVF work?

IVF is a lab procedure and takes several months for its completion. The first step involves your doctor prescribing some medications that would help in maturation of your eggs, making them ready for fertilization. Your ovaries will be examined with the help of an ultrasound. To keep the hormone levels under check, your doctor will perform blood tests. Once the ovulation is induced, the doctor will perform a minor surgery called egg retrieval to remove the eggs from your body.
The eggs that are taken out of your body are then mixed with your partner’s sperm. This is known as insemination and is carried out in a lab, to help the sperm fertilize the eggs.

The next step involves the transfer of the fertilized egg or embryo into your uterus. The doctor will insert the embryo directly into your uterus through the tube via your cervix, which is painful in rare cases.

For the survival of the embryo in your uterus, you may be given shots of progesterone for the first 8-10 weeks. Implantation of the embryo occurs usually after 6-10 days of egg retrieval. Pregnancy takes place only if any of the embryos attach to the lining of your uterus.

What are the possible side effects of IVF?

  • Bloating
  • Cramping
  • Tenderness in breasts
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Bruising from shots

Allergic reaction to medicines

  • Bleeding
  • Infection

What are the various risks involved with IVF?

  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Ectopic pregnancy wherein the embryo implants anywhere other than the uterus
  • Can cause emotional and financial stress

The success rate of IVF involves many factors like the age of the woman, cause of infertility, years of infertility, type of embryo transfer, quality of the sperm and whether self-eggs or donor eggs were used.

  • The success rate is higher when frozen embryos are used as opposed to fresh embryos.
  • Success is higher in younger women.
  • Donor eggs likewise come from a younger donor who is medically fit and hence tends to give better success rates.
  • Better the sperm quality better the success rate.

Visit CMC for any knowledge regarding IVF as we are well equipped with the best facilities as well as the best gynecologist in tricity.


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