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Cervical Cancer and Prevention


Breast and Cervical cancer are two most common cancers in India affecting women. Cancer means the abnormal cells develop and spread in the tissue and also outside it. The relieving thing in the cervical cancer is that it is PREVENTABLE and TREATABLE at EARLY stages.

Most cervical cancer cases are triggered by a type of virus named HPV, that infection, too is preventable.


• Unusual vaginal discharge

• Vaginal bleeding in between periods

• Bleeding or pain during intercourse

• Bleeding after menopause


Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): A group of viruses that causes Cervical

Cancer which can be acquired at any age group but mainly chances are after sexual intercourse. It can manifest after many years of infection. The cervix, vagina and vulva (all intimate parts of female) can get infected from different types of HPV

Risk for HPV:

Sexually active (both male and female can acquire it some point in life):

Linked with skin, oral, anal and male intimate areas infection and can manifest as warts too. Risk of Cervical Cancer is higher in infected women who:

• Have too many children

• Use birth control pills for a long time

• Smoke

• Low immunity

• HIV positive


Simple test named PAP SMEAR or LBC (Liquid Based Cytology): detects changes in the cells even before development of cancer abnormal cells. In developing countries, it is recommended to get Pap smear done as soon women become sexually active and repeated three yearly. So, with this the treatment can be started even before cancer develops. For more details talk to your doctor in detail.


Prevention is better than cure. It can be done by :

1. Regular Pap smear: Detection at treatable stage.

2. Vaccine: Vaccine is available against two types of HPV cancer causing strains, which are responsible for most of the cervical cancers. It can take between 9-45 years of age. But it is more effective before an individual becomes sexually active. The effectiveness decreases with the age and sexually activity.

3. Condoms: using this method of contraception prevents the transmission of various sexually transmitting diseases (STD) from one partner to another.


1. Surgery

2. Radiation

3. Chemotherapy

For more information, regarding this preventable cancer, consult your doctor and discuss all the aspects of cervical cancer.