What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a technique which helps in keeping blood and oxygen circulating to the heart and brain of a person whose heart has stopped beating in case of a cardiac arrest. It involves mouth to mouth rescue breathing operations and chest compressions.
If you know this technique and performing it as soon as possible can help save someone’s life. This treatment will help you to buy some extra time until the ambulance arrives. It will help in restoring the normal pumping action of the heart.
Steps involved in CPR:
The basic steps involved in this process get summarized with their initials- DRSABCD:
3. SEND FOR SOME HELP
It is the first step in which you must make sure that there is no kind of danger involved to you or the people around you.
• In this first step make sure that there is no risk for you, the collapsed person or the other people nearby you.
• Try to touch the person who is collapsed only if you feel that there is no risk involved. You should avoid twisting the neck or bending the back of the person.
You need to check the response given by the collapsed person to see if he/she is conscious or not.
• Squeeze the shoulders of the person tightly and say in a loud voice: “Are you listening?”
• In the case the person is giving some response, make him lie in a comfortable position and ask for some help nearby.
• And if the person is not giving any response or is responding very lightly then you need to do what is explained next.
3. SEND FOR HELP
In this case, make sure to call an ambulance straight away and don’t wait for any other thing.
Till the ambulance arrives you need to perform these following four operations:
• Open the mouth of the person gently and clear the mouth of some loose matter if presents such as food or broken teeth.
• If there is some sort of fluid, you can turn the person on the other side so that the fluid present in the mouth drains away.
• You can also tilt the head of the person in the backward direction. Place your one hand on the forehead and the other on the chin and move the face backward.
• At first check for the breathing of the person by listening to their heartbeats or listen to the sound of breathing of air escaping out from the nose or mouth.
• If they are breathing properly, make them comfortable in laying and wait for the ambulance.
• And in case, the person is not responding properly and is not breathing then make sure they are lying flat and start CPR.
Start Compressions: Place the heel of your right hand over their chest (in the lower half of the breastbone) and other hand on the top of your right hand. Give 30 compressions at a rate of 2 per second by pressing firmly and smoothly to the depth of the chest.
Start rescue breathing: Lift their chin and give rescue breathing. Give at least two rescues breathing of about one second each. To give rescue breathing you need to cover their open mouth with your mouth. Seal their nostrils by pinching with your fingers and blow until their chest arises.
Repeat the CPR operation: Keep on giving chest compression and rescue breathing until the ambulance arrives or if the person starts responding normally and breathing properly.
In case there is a health care specialist available nearby or if you are carrying an automated external defibrillator (AED) with you then you can perform this operation. If the ambulance arrives with an AED then also you can this to buy the person some extra time until you reach the hospital. Stand straight and give an AED shock to the person below their breastbone. Don’t touch the person while the shock is being given to him as it will hamper the process.
Studies have shown that a person in cardiac arrest has the best chance of survival if CPR is started immediately.