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Frozen Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Frozen shoulder is stiffness created pain & limited range of movement in your shoulder . When the tissues in the joint of your shoulder become thicker and tighter. As a result, your shoulder joint doesn’t have enough space to rotate properly. The common symptoms include swelling, stiffness & pain. This is commonly occurs in the people of age between 40 and 60. It may happen after an injury or from a disease such as diabetes or a stroke. The condition usually comes on slowly, and then goes away slowly over the course of a year or more.

Frozen shoulder occurs:

• Most often occurs after any injury.
• Most often in people whose age between 40 to 70 years.
• More often in women (especially in postmenopausal women) than in men.
• Most often in people with chronic diseases.
• Most often in people with thyroid disorders.


If you feel stiffness and pain in your shoulder, consult your doctor. Your doctor may suspect frozen shoulder if a physical exam reveals limited shoulder movement. An X-ray may be done and your doctor will observe as you perform specific movements and measure range of motion of the shoulder, such as touching your opposite shoulder with your hand. Inspite of this, an arthrogram for the X-ray, which involves injecting dye into your shoulder joint so that the doctor can see its structure.


You can leave a frozen shoulder untreated, but the stiffness & pain can remain for up to three years. A combination of the following can speed up your recovery:
• physical therapy
• medication
• home care
• surgery

Shouldera) Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is the most common and effective treatment for a frozen shoulder. The goal is to stretch your shoulder joint and regain the lost motion. It is a slow process to see the progress. A gentle range of home exercise for motion exercises is important. If you don’t see progress after few months of intense, daily exercises, speak to your doctor about other options.

b) Medications

To treat the pain and reduce your joint inflammation, your doctor may recommend an anti- inflammatory medication like naproxen sodium, aspirin or ibuprofen. A steroid injection on shoulder joint may also help.

c) Home Care

Placing an ice pack on your shoulder joint for 15 minutes or more per day can help to decrease pain. If you’re working with a physical therapist, the exercises can be done at home easily. Your physical therapist will provide instructions on the types of exercises you must do & when to push yourself harder. Most people with a frozen shoulder can improve their condition without surgery. Home remedies are the best option for the permanent results.

d) Surgery

If physical therapy doesn’t improve your condition, surgery is also an option. From a surgical standpoint, your options are to manipulate the shoulder and put it through a full range of motion under a general anesthetic to help break up any adhesions. If your frozen shoulder is the result of an injury, surgery is usually more successful if it’s performed within a few weeks of the injury.
Surgery carries risks, so talk with your doctor before deciding on any procedure. Some people still have pain or stiffness afterward or can’t handle the pain of physical therapy.


Gentle, progressive range-of-motion exercises, stretching, and using your shoulder more may help prevent frozen shoulder after surgery or an injury.