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Inception, Expansion, Symptoms, Prevention and Diagnosis of Zika Virus

Introduction

Zika virus might be frequently spelled in recent days, but it’s a fact that it was initially identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys. The identification was made as a result of tracking the sylvatic yellow fever link among the rhesus monkeys. However, the virus was first recognized in the humans back in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Epidemics of Zika virus have been traced primarily in the parts of the world like Africa, Americas, and Asia-Pacific.

Common Symptoms

• Zika virus affects everyone among every five infected.
• Primarily, the affected people are come across with the symptoms like fever, itchiness, pain at the joint regions and eyes getting red. Apart from this, some suffer from the symptoms like muscular pain and headache. Symptoms as of above start appearing mostly within a week of the virus identification.
• These symptoms stay for one week causing normal weakness.
• Death due to Zika is quite rare. In fact, the hospital admittance is also quite rare.
• In general, Zika viruses stay in the blood of affected people for one week, though it might continue staying for longer whiles in some.

Growth of the virus

The transmission of these viruses occurs when an infected Aedes mosquito bite a person. Being specific, the transmission becomes rapid through the Aedes aegypti in tropical zones, the same mosquito responsible for causing the diseases like dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.
Zika virus Epidemic was first reported in 2007 and 2013 in zones like Yap and French Polynesia respectively. The same was identified in the American parts like Brazil and Colombia and Cape Verde in Africa. Apart from this, more than 13 nations in the Americas have been identified with sporadic Zika virus, signaling its speedy growth.

Zika Virus

Available Diagnosis

Polymerase chain reaction or PCR is the one of the diagnosis ways for Zika virus along with the separation of the virus from blood. However, serum treatment might be risky as the virus can counter react with the other flaviviruses like dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever.

Avoiding Zika

Naturally, the prime prevention is to control the growth of the mosquitoes. Especially, the prime propagation zones of these mosquitoes need to be thoroughly removed. The idea is primary to avoid the contact of the mosquitoes; hence, the tricks like putting on the full sleeve light color clothes, using mosquito nets, closing the doors/windows/curtains can be handy.
Especially, the mosquitoes should be strongly avoided by the children and senior citizens. You should avoid unnecessary deposition of the waters inside the containers like buckets, or the invading zones of the mosquitoes like the wastes, unused dustbins, tyres, etc.
Using the insecticides during the epidemics is a common idea. However, the insecticides authorized by WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme can be effective as well against the growth of the mosquitoes in probable breeding zones. Most importantly, the frequent travelers need to be careful about avoiding the mosquito bites.

Treatment

There is no strict treatment method available for the Zika virus, and the disease caused by the virus also result into some minor effects. Anyway, it is advised for affected people to take adequate rest, drink surplus water or take fluid diets. The concerned person can take general medicines for the pains. No specific therapeutics is available till date for Zika. Hence, if the situation becomes harsh, you should only take something on recommendations of the doctors.