Dandruff is a very common complaint which affects about 50 percent of the population worldwide at some point or the other. It causes significant discomfort and is characterised by presence of flakes on the scalp associated with itching.
One of the most leading cause of dandruff is a fungus called as Malassezia furfur. It causes altered sheding of dead skin cells which leads to aggregation of these cells which shed off as clusters, leading to visible flaking.
Other reasons speculated to cause dandruff can be sensitivity to hair cosmetics, minimal irritation of the scalp due to over shampooing, frequent combing and also dust and dirt.
It is also precipitated due to stress as well as in winter months.
Look for shampoos and lotions which contain the following ingredients-
- Selenium sulphide
- Zinc pyrithione
- Salicyclic acid
When shampooing, properly massage the shampoo in and keep it on for atleast 5 mins. You can shampoo your hair twice a week.
If you continue to have symptoms after using a dandruff shampoo, consult your dermatologist. A dermatologist can properly diagnose your condition and recommend a treatment plan that best meets your needs.
Consult our highly skilled dermatologist at CMC Mohali if you are suffering from dandruff problems or any kind of hair problems.