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What are Preterm Deliveries?


Normally a baby is born at 40 weeks of pregnancy. If a baby is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is known as preterm or premature delivery. Health issues can be more severe and long-lasting, depending on how early the delivery occurs.

What are the various types of Preterm Deliveries?

A preterm delivery can be planned premature delivery and Spontaneous premature delivery.
If the pregnancy poses danger and difficulty, you may choose to induce labor early or perform a C- section before the full term of pregnancy. This is known as planned preterm delivery.

If some unexpected issues happen in the course of the pregnancy arise suddenly. This is known as spontaneous premature delivery. Conditions such as the premature rupture of the membrane resulting in amniotic fluid leakage, premature uterine contractions, cervical insufficiency, etc. fall into this category.

What Are The Signs and Symptoms Of A Premature Delivery?

Contractions every 10 minutes or more often, change in vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding or even spotting, lower backache, menstrual like cramps in lower abdomen, feeling pressure in the pelvic area, water breaking, diarrhea can be an indication of preterm delivery
Seek medical care if any of the above symptoms appear before the 37th week of pregnancy.

How is preterm labor diagnosed?

Your obstetrician may perform a pelvic exam to see if your cervix has started to change. She will monitor your contractions. She may perform a transvaginal ultrasound exam to measure the length of your cervix. The level of a protein called fetal fibronectin in the vaginal discharge may also be measured.

What are risk factors for preterm birth?

Certain factors may pose to be risk factors for premature birth. They may include having a previous preterm birth, having a short cervix, short interval between pregnancies, history of certain types of surgery on the uterus or cervix, certain pregnancy complications, such as multiple pregnancy and vaginal bleeding, lifestyle factors such as low pre-pregnancy weight, smoking during pregnancy, and substance abuse during pregnancy.

Why is preterm birth a concern?

Preterm birth is a concern because babies who are born too early may not be fully developed. They may be born with serious health problems like cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, autism, lung problems, vision, and hearing loss. Cerebral palsy may last a lifetime.

Can Premature Delivery Be Delayed?

The primary goal of the treatment of preterm labor is to delay the delivery as long as possible. The treatment involves medicines to stop contraction and relax the uterine muscle, to speed up the development of the fetal lungs. Intravenous fluids are induced for better hydration. Strict and complete bed rest is recommended.

Transfer the mother to a hospital offering facility NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) for proper care of the premature baby. Babies born before 7 months need specialized care in the hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit (NICU.) We at CMC provide you with NICU along with a proficient gynecologist in Mohali, Dr. Navdeep Kaur. Visit CMC to get the diagnosis of your preterm delivery well in time.